Ramayana story

The Ramayana was composed in Sanskritprobably not before bceby the poet Valmiki and in its present form consists of some 24, couplets divided into seven books. After Rama is banished from his position as heir to the kingdom through a palace intrigue, he retreats to the forest with his wife and his favourite half brother, Lakshmana, to spend 14 years in exile. There Ravanathe demon-king of Lanka, carries off Sita to his capital while her two protectors are busy pursuing a golden deer sent to the forest to mislead them.

Rama slays Ravana and rescues Sita, who undergoes an ordeal by fire in order to clear herself of suspicions of infidelity. The family is reunited when the sons come of age, but Sita, after again protesting her innocence, plunges into the earth, her mother, who receives her and swallows her up. The poem enjoys immense popularity in India, where its recitation is considered an act of great merit. Little is known of Valmiki as a historical figure, though he is described as having been a thief named Ratnakara prior to becoming a sage.

Many translations of the Ramayana into the vernacular languages are themselves works of great literary artistry, including the Tamil version of Kampanthe Bengali version of Krittibas, and the Hindi version, Ramcharitmanasof Tulsidas. Throughout North India the events of the poem are enacted in an annual pageant, the Ram Lila, and in South India the two epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharatamake up the story repertoire of the kathakali dance-drama of Malabar.

The Ramayana was popular during the Mughal period 16th centuryand it was a favourite subject of Rajasthani and Pahari painters of the 17th and 18th centuries. The story also spread in various forms throughout Southeast Asia especially CambodiaIndonesiaand Thailandand its heroes, together with the Pandava brothers of the Mahabharatawere also the heroes of traditional Javanese-Balinese theatre, dance, and shadow plays.

Incidents from the Ramayana are carved in bas-relief on many Indonesian monuments—for example, at Panataran in eastern Java. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

Ramayana Indian epic. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Rama is deprived of the kingdom to which he is heir and is exiled to the forest with his wife Sita…. The first book,….

Both works are mixtures of the historical and the legendary, both were rewritten and edited, both suffered from frequent interpolations even as late as the early centuries ceand both were later….Valmiki, a reformed robber, wrote the Ramayana, one of the grandest epics of Good vs. And if you are looking to acquaint your little one with the Ramayana, here are a few short stories to give the kids a sneak peek into the world of Lord Rama, Sita, Hanuman, and Laxman!

We are sure the kiddies will love these stories. Read on the interesting short stories from Ramayana for kids and see their faces light up in awe. After the abduction of Sita, Lord Rama along with this army of monkey and bears starts making a bridge over the sea that would connect them to Lanka. Lord Rama was triumphant to see the passion, dedication and energy level of his army towards the construction of the bridge. A little squirrel was picking up a pebble in her mouth and putting it near the boulders.

She did it repeatedly and effortlessly. Just then, a monkey noticed her and started making fun of her.

He told her to stay away lest a boulder crush her. Hearing this, everyone started making fun of her. The squirrel was in tears. Lord Rama was noticing all this from a distance. Upset, the squirrel went to Lord Rama and complained about everyone to him. Lord Rama then demonstrated to the Army how the pebble thrown by the squirrel has worked as the connector between the two boulders.

Even her contribution is as valuable as the other members of the army. The stroking left the marks of his finger on the body of the squirrel. Since then, the squirrels have carried white stripes on their body.

This is one of the interesting short stories from Ramayana for children. Lord Hanuman was morose after the coronation ceremony.

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He sat in the corner, meditating on Lord Rama with closed eyes. Tears were flowing incessantly from his eyes. Sita noticed and informed Lord Rama at once about it.

Once, when Vershini came to visit her sister, she flippantly asked for her child. Hearing this, Dashratha agreed that she could adopt his daughter, Shanta. Ravana was a devout follower of Lord Shiva. After attaining the education, Ravana underwent an intense penance to please Lord Shiva. To appease Lord Shiva, Ravana even chopped off his head. Each time he chopped off his head, it grew back, thereby enabling him to continue his penance. This austerity of Ravana pleased Shiva, and he granted him ten heads.

And thus, he became one of the most powerful beings on the earth. The ten heads of Ravana indicate the four Vegas and six shashtras that Ravana mastered. It can be the best Ramayana stories for kids to know about the great epic Ramayana.Rama is deprived of the kingdom to which he is heir and is exiled to the forest with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana.

While there, Sita is abducted by Ravanathe demon king of Lanka. In their search for Sita, the brothers ally themselves with a monkey king whose general, the monkey god Hanumanfinds Sita in Lanka.

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A cosmic battle ensues; Ravana is defeated, and Sita is rescued. When Rama is restored to his kingdom, the populace casts doubt on whether Sita remained chaste while a captive. To reassure them, Rama banishes Sita to a hermitage, where she bears him two sons; eventually she reenters the earth from which she had been born. Rama and Sita set the ideal of conjugal love, and Rama and Lakshmana represent perfect fraternal love. Everything in the epic is designed for harmony, which after being disrupted is at last regained.

The Ramayana identifies Rama as another incarnation of Vishnu and remains the principal source for the worship of Rama. Though not as long as the Mahabharatathe Ramayana contains a great deal of religious material in the form of mythsstories of great sages, and accounts of exemplary human behaviour.

Although Hindus consider Rama to be the epitome of dharma, many passages from the epic seem inconsistent with this status and have provoked debate through the centuries. The battle eventually leads to the destruction of the entire clan, save for one survivor who continues the dynasty.

As each of the heroes is the son of a god DharmaVayu, Indraand the Ashvins, respectivelythe epic is deeply infused with religious implications. Hindus regard the Mahabharata as a compendium of dharma, and many passages in it debate dilemmas posed by dharma.

Apart from the Bhagavadgita part of book 6much of the didactic material is found in the Book of the Forest book 3in which sages teach the exiled heroes, and in the Book of Peace book 12in which the wise Bhishma expounds on religious and moral matters.

The Vedic gods lost importance in these texts and survive as figures of folklore. Prajapati of the Upanishads is popularly personified as the god Brahmawho creates all classes of beings and dispenses benefits.

Of far greater importance is Krishna. In the epic he is a hero, a leader of his people, and an active helper of his friends. His biography as it is known later is not worked out; still, the text is the source of the early worship of Krishna.

ramayana story

Krishna is not portrayed as a god everywhere within the text; even as a god he has, in many places, superhuman rather than divine stature. He is occasionally, but not significantly, identified with Vishnu. Later, as one of the most important of the incarnations of Vishnu, Krishna is portrayed as an incarnate god. In the Mahabharata he is primarily a hero, a chieftain of a tribe, and an ally of the Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata. He accomplishes heroic feats with the Pandava prince Arjuna.The "Most Anticipated Indian Movies and Shows" widget tracks the real-time popularity of relevant pages on IMDb, and displays those that are currently generating the highest number of pageviews on IMDb.

Each title is ranked according to its share of pageviews among the items displayed. Pageviews for each item are divided by the aggregate number of pageviews generated by the items displayed. Vibhishana told Rama that Ravana's weakest point was in his navel.

The Ramayana: Summary by Stephen Knapp

Rama with his powerful arrow shot Ravana in the navel, then Ram used Brahmastra and killed him. King Dasharath denounces Kaikayi as his wife and falls into a deep depression at the loss of Ram.

The Grief stricken people of Ayodhya try to stop Ram from going to the forest, but ultimately fail. Watch the video. See what's trending now. Arshad Warsistar of the new top-rated show " Asur: Welcome to Your Dark Side ," shares the movie he remembers watching in boarding school, and reveals the TV series he can watch over and over again.

Read our exclusive interview. When darkness get strengthened to destroy the world, Suryanshis chose Shaktimaan in order to fight against the forces of evil. Shahrzad narrates stories from the Arabian Nights, a collection of folk tales that brims with great morals, fascinating characters, flying carpets, magic lamps and fairies.

The day-to-day happenings of Gokuldham Society and its members, who live, celebrate and often face problems together. Lord Rama, son of King Dashrath is sent for exile for 14 years. His wife Sita and brother Laxman accompanies him. But she is deceitfully kidnapped by Ravana, The King of Lanka. Thus a might It narrates the struggle between two groups of cousins in the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes and their succession. Satyendra aka Sattu Rajkummar Rao and Aarti Kriti Kharbanda meet for a proposed arranged marriage and fall in love in the process.

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On the night of their marriage, an unexpected turn of Karishma is a Robot created by a scientist Vikram. And adventures follows by Karishma robot.The original Ramayana written by the 4th c. Many scholars question the authorship of the certain passages from the first book Bala Kanda and question the authenticity of the last book Uttara Kanda for various reasons.

Dasharatha was the King of Ayodhya and had three wives and four sons. Rama was the eldest and his mother was Kaushalya.

The other two were twins, Lakshmana and Shatrughna whose mother was Sumithra. When it was time for Sita to choose her bridegroom at a ceremony called a swayamvara princes from all over the land were asked to string a giant bow which no one could lift. However, as Rama picked it up, he not only strung the bow, he broke it.

Seeing this, Sita indicated that she had chosen Rama as her husband by putting a garland around his neck. Their love became a model for the entire kingdom as they looked over the kingdom under the watchful eye of his father the king. A few years later, King Dasharatha decided it was time to give his throne to his eldest son Rama and retire to the forest. Everyone seemed pleased, save Queen Kaikeyi since she wanted her son Bharata to rule.

Because of an oath Dasharatha had made to her years before, she got the king to agree to banish Rama for fourteen years and to crown Bharata, even though the king pleaded with her not to demand such a request.

Rama, always obedient, was content to go into banishment in the forest. Sita and Lakshmana accompanied him on his exile. One day Rama and Lakshmana wounded a rakshasas demon princess who tried to seduce Rama.

She returned to her brother Ravana, the ten-headed ruler of Lanka. In retaliation, Ravana devised a plan to abduct Sita after hearing about her incomparable beauty.

16 Interesting Short Stories From Ramayana For Kids

He sent one of his demons disguised as a magical golden deer to entice Sita. To please her, Rama and Lakshmana went to hunt the deer down.

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Before they did though, they drew a protective circle around Sita and told her that she would be safe for as long as she did not step outside the circle. After Rama and Lakshmana left, Ravana appeared as a holy man begging alms. The moment Sita stepped outside the circle to give him food, Ravana grabbed her and carried her to his kingdom in Lanka.

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Study Questions. Rama then sought the help of a band of monkeys offer to help him find Sita. Hanuman, the general of the monkey band can fly since his father is the wind.

He flew to Lanka and, finding Sita in the grove, comforted her and told her Rama would come to save her soon. With his tail burning, Hanuman escaped and hopped from house-top to house-top, setting Lanka on fire. He then flew back to Rama to tell him where Sita was.

The Hindu Epic Ramayana

Rama, Lakshmana and the monkey army built a causeway from the tip of India to Lanka and crossed over to Lanka where a cosmic battle ensued. He killed Ravana, freed Sita and after Sita proved here purity, they returned to Ayodhya where Bharata returned the crown to him. Story The original Ramayana written by the 4th c.Written by the great sage Valmiki, the Ramayana is referred to as the Adi Kavya or original epic.

The epic poem is composed of rhyming couplets called slokas in high Sanskrit, in a complex linguistic meter called 'anustup'. The verses are grouped into individual chapters called sargas, with each one containing a specific event or intent.

The sargas are grouped into books called kandas. The Ramayana has 50 characters and 13 locations in all. Here is a condensed English translation of the Ramayana by scholar Stephen Knapp.

ramayana story

Dasharatha was the king of Kosala, an ancient kingdom that was located in present day Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya was its capital. Dasharatha was loved by one and all.

His subjects were happy and his kingdom was prosperous. Even though Dasharatha had everything that he desired, he was very sad at heart; he had no children. During the same time, there lived a powerful Rakshasa king in the island of Ceylon, located just south of India. He was called Ravana. His tyranny knew no bounds, his subjects disturbed the prayers of holy men. The childless Dasharatha was advised by his family priest Vashishtha to perform a fire sacrifice ceremony to seek the blessings of God for children.

Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, decided to manifest himself as the eldest son of Dasharatha in order to kill Ravana. While performing the fire worship ceremony, a majestic figure rose from the sacrificial fire and handed to Dasharatha a bowl of rice pudding, saying, "God is pleased with you and has asked you to distribute this rice pudding payasa to your wives - they will soon bear your children. The king received the gift joyfully and distributed the payasa to his three queens, Kausalya, Kaikeyi, and Sumitra.

Kausalya, the eldest queen, gave birth to the eldest son Rama. Bharata, the second son was born to Kaikeyi and Sumitra gave birth to the twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna. Rama's birthday is celebrated now as Ramanavami. The four princes grew up to be tall, strong, handsome, and brave. Of the four brothers, Rama was closest to Lakshmana and Bharata to Shatrughna.The Ramayana is one of the longest epic poems in Hinduism, with more than 24, verses.

The text is considered one of India's two major ancient epics, the other being the Mahabharata.

ramayana story

Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, is the eldest son of King Dasharatha and his wife Kaushalya. She schemes to send Rama and his wife Sita into exile, where they remain for 14 years. Rama and Sita return to Ayodhya and are warmly welcomed back by the citizens of the kingdom, where they rule for many years and have two sons.

Eventually, Sita is accused of being unfaithful, and she must undergo a trial by fire to prove her chastity. She appeals to Mother Earth and is saved, but she vanishes into immortality. Though their actions in the text, Rama and Sita come to embody the ideals of matrimony through their devotion and love for one another. Rama inspires loyalty among his people for his nobility, while Sita's self-sacrifice is seen as the ultimate demonstration of chastity.

Rama's brother Lakshmana, who chose to be exiled with his sibling, embodies familial loyalty, while Hanuman's performance on the battlefield exemplifies bravery and nobility.

ramayana story

As with the Mahabharata, the Ramayana's influence spread as Hinduism expanded throughout the Indian subcontinent in the centuries after it was written. The folk drama Ramlila, which recounts the story of Rama and Sita, is frequently performed during the festival, and effigies of Ravana are burned to symbolize the destruction of evil.

The Ramayana has also been a frequent subject of movies and TV miniseries in Indiaas well as an inspiration to artists from ancient to contemporary times. With more than 24, verses and 50 chapters, reading the Ramayana is no simple task. But for the Hindu faith and non-Hindus alike, the epic poem is a classic worth reading. One of the best sources for Western readers is a translation by Steven Knappa practicing American Hindu with an interest in the faith's history and scholarship.

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